Please answer the following four (4) questions by writing your response to each question. Please comply with the following instructions:
- two (2) page response per each question
- 1.5 paragraph line spacing for each answer
- at least three (3) references – of which at least two (2) are external references for each question
- all in-text/parenthetical citations and reference lists in accordance with APA style guidance
- 12-point text font
- 1-inch margins
- Write the question with question number and then respond under the questions (example)
And so on ……..
Question #1: Knowing that the real-world will include major interruptions in critical infrastructure operations due to natural or man-made causes, what do you believe to be the proper roles and responsibilities of state and local governmental bodies vice the federal government in planning for, managing, and responding to massive disruptions that feature maximum complexity, destruction, and disruption to our critical infrastructures? Compare your views with how matters were handled with Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy versus how matters have been recently handled with Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria…i.e., was there a difference and, if so, for better or worse?
Question #2: Given that the real-world consists of periodic occurrences of significant natural disasters across a spectrum of threats ranging from man-made (terrorist, cyber, etc.) to natural (earthquakes, floods, tornadoes, etc.) that can disrupt and destroy infrastructure in many areas, how best should critical infrastructure sector leaders and managers go about determining key risks, assessing vulnerabilities, and preparing adequately for future emergencies?
Question #3: It’s been over ten years since Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast. One of the after-effects was much reporting, hearings, discussions, and legislation by decision makers in an attempt to help ensure that such future events would not result in a similar amount of chaos when it came to recovery and restoration efforts. What would you identify as three key aspects – initiatives, discussions/debates, modifications to existing or new legislation or policy, etc. – that has occurred since Hurricane Katrina that you believe has or may have significant positive impacts to the future preparedness of critical infrastructure sectors? Also, do you see any evidence that one or more of your identified key aspects had been incorporated and/or impacted the preparedness for Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and/or Maria…if so, in what way?
Question #4: You now work for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and are part of a team tasked to update the NIPP 2013: Partnering for Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience policy document. The DHS team lead has asked everyone to review the NIPP 2013 document and provide at least three (3) recommendations regarding updates, changes, modifications, additions, deletions, etc. that you would propose for potential inclusion into what would become a “new” NIPP 2018 document. Identify your three (or more) recommendations and provide an accompanying explanation/rationale for each recommendation.